04 March 2012

Tip #3 - The Syllabus

I believe that the IB syllabus for the subjects you are taking is possibly the single most important document in existence. Unfortunately, there are many who barely look at it (or even never look at it). If you want to do well in your subjects, you will NEED to look at the syllabus, probably on a regular basis. Why?

1. What to learn - Part of the syllabus goes through in some detail the exact expectations the IB has of students in terms of the facts, concepts, methods, etc, that you are expected to know (both for final exams and for assessment). You may think that you can just rely on your class notes and your teacher to know what to study, but the truth is that teachers aren't always perfect. It is possible that they might miss something. Or you may not think it is important at the time and overlook it in your study. Or you might miss a lesson and not realise. If you check the syllabus, you will be able to see if there are any holes in your learning, and fill them!

2. What NOT to learn - One of the greatest traps that IB students fall into during their study is assuming that "if it's in the textbook, it must be important." However, this is not always the case. Many textbooks contain superfluous information that, while interesting, will not appear on your exams and would be a waste of time for you to study. Some teachers are equally guilty of going off on tangents (note: Maths teachers may discuss tangents: this is actually relevant) and tell you about things you don't need to know. Check the syllabus to pick out the things that you can dismiss - it will save you a lot of time as you prepare for finals.

3. How to organise your notes - In most cases (but not always - it differs between subjects) the syllabus is divided up with topics of study and then syllabus points of what you need to know. As you can see from my notes, I fully believe that the best way to organise and make your notes is exactly according to the arrangement of the syllabus. It makes it easier to revise, to look things up and keeps interlinked ideas together.

4. Assessment - The syllabus also discusses the details of your IB assessment. By reading this, you will know exactly what is expected of you at each point in your IB journey, how much it is worth, and how long it is expected to take you. It would be the greatest tragedy if someone put all their energy into studying for Biology paper 1 (worth 20%) and then failed their Paper 2 (worth 36%). The criteria for assessment can also be found in the syllabus.

5. Command Terms - While not relevant to some subjects, other will have a list of command terms used in the IB exam questions. If you want to answer the questions properly, you will need to know what they are and what they mean. You won't get the marks for defining something when you were supposed to explain it!

It may seem like a big, useless document that is only important for the teachers. However, a student who effectively uses the syllabus throughout their studies will do much better. If you don't have it, get it!


  1. is the syllabus completely exact in what a student must know for the exams?
    because my history teacher seems to have given me a handful of superflous information that does not even appear in the syllabus...hm
    i'm doing history HL route 1 btw, and i'm referring precisely to the christianity topic :)

  2. Hey, it depends on the subject. The syllabus for subjects like Language B, History, etc can be a lot more vague. Science subjects, etc, are much more specific. I've seen the syllabus for history - the route 1 is for European and Islamic history, right? In which case, Christianity is quite relevant, especially under Topics 4 and 5. If you have too much information, I suggest you still look at it and understand it, but make sure that in the lead up to exams, you focus on areas that appear in the syllabus and have come up often in past exams. The teacher might be trying to 'safeguard' by teaching you more than you need to know "just in case." If you're fairly certain it's not relevant, still read it and everything, but don't let it worry you. :)

  3. dear IB Screwed.

    For every chapter in both biology and chemistry, I am following your notes. they are really good. I fully undertand the chapters after I have read your notes. But I noticed today that there is no notes on Option H. further human physiology. Can you please make some notes on that particular chapter. Thank you very much, it would mean alot if you could.

    1. Hi, like I said in my email, the next few weeks are the peak assessment time for me at university (since I'm in the southern hemisphere). In about a month or so, I'll have some more time and I will begin doing notes again. I should have finished the option before the end of the year. :)

    2. Hi Ket,

      The documents uploaded by IB Screwed should be used as resources to aid your learning and not act as a 'short cut' to your learning. I think you should be more proactive in your IB studies.

      *Just my opinion*

    3. Yes, I definitely agree - my notes are not a short cut - you need to be doing all your classwork, using other textbooks, etc. Whilst I do my very best to make the notes of high quality and include everything, I can't guarantee that everything is in there, so you will need to use other sources for cross-checking.

  4. The writer misspelled 'realize' in the first bullet, second to last sentence. "Or you might miss a lesson and not realise."

    1. Actually, it is spelled correctly because the writer is from Australia. http://www.peterjerrim.com/australianspelling/
      That is why 'realise' and 'organise' are spelt with an 's'
      As an internationally minded student, you should realise that not everyone spells words the same way.

  5. It gives details and some ideas about the how to learn and IB syllabus is very difficult and it is a board exam.International Schools in South Bangalore